• The salmon farming operation begins when salmon eggs are collected in the late autumn and incubated in fresh water.
  • In the late winter or early spring, they hatch as sac fry and are kept in tanks designed for feeding.
  • In the late spring, they are graded for uniformity and size and transferred to rearing tanks where they feed throughout the summer.


  • Then transferred to sea sites along the western coast. These are kept in net enclosures supported by floating frames made of plastic or steel.
  • Here they are grown for one to two years depending on the required size of the fish. Farmed Atlantic salmon are commonly available on the market weighing between 3.5 kg (8 lbs) and 4.5 kg (10 lbs). Farmed salmon are fed on a mixture of fishmeal, fish oil, grains, minerals and vitamins ground up and distributed in pellet form.
Farmed salmon cage

Farmed salmon cage


  • Atlantic salmon is a silver-skinned fish with distinct dark blue-green, cross-like spots over the body and head, and above the lateral line. The underside of the fish is nearly all white and its flesh colour ranges from pink to deep orange.
  • The flesh of farmed Atlantic salmon is firm, moist, oily and has a large moist flake.